In Vitro Fertilization (IVH)

WHAT IS IN VITRO FERTILIZATION (IVF)?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is medically assisted procreation technique. In IVF, the egg is fertilized outside the body by reproducing within a laboratory, in a test tube (a Latin term “in vitro” meaning in a glass) what normally occurs in the woman’s fallopian tube (in vivo). After this fertilization, the embryo will be replaced inside the uterus.

WHAT IS ICSI?

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) can be used as part of an in vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatment. Instead of the sperms penetrating the egg spontaneously, they will be assisted and injected directly into the egg by a biologist so as to ensure the fertilization. Only 1 sperm will be injected directly into each mature egg.

THE IVF/ ICS PROCESS?

There are several ways to proceed with IVF. 5 stages are commonly followed:

  • Stage 1: Stimulation of the ovulation:
  • Ovulation induction uses hormonal therapy to stimulate egg development and release, or ovulation. The process intends to increase the number of eggs reaching maturity in a single cycle, in order to increase chances for conception.

  • Stage 2: Release of the ovulation:
  • The level of ovarian follicle maturity will be evaluated and the date of the ovulation release (by hormone treatment) to boost the number of eggs the body produces will be decided by the doctor. Consequently ovulation occurs after 36 hours.

  • Stage 3: Egg collection (Oocyte and Sperm):
  • 36 hours after the HCG injection, the couple is admitted to the clinic for the egg puncture and sperm collection.

    The ovaries are punctured with an ultrasound probe with a fine hollow needle inserted into the vagina. The procedure needs few hours of hospitalization. It is usually performed under mild sedation and with local anaesthetic or under general anaesthetic at the patient’s request.

    The sperm is collected on the same day by masturbation. Some situations may need a testicular sperm extraction (TESA) or percutaneous sperm extraction (PESA). This will be done in an operating theatre under general anaesthetic and require the patient to stay at the clinic for a day without spending the night at the clinic.

  • Stage 4: Fertilization in the laboratory:
  • The in vitro fertilization is then practiced in the lab and the couple will be informed of the different phases of the procedure (number of eggs collected, sperm quality, fertilized eggs, the amount and quality of the embryos obtained, the number of embryos to transfer…).

  • Stage 4: Fertilization in the laboratory:
  • The in vitro fertilization is then practiced in the lab and the couple will be informed of the different phases of the procedure (number of eggs collected, sperm quality, fertilized eggs, the amount and quality of the embryos obtained, the number of embryos to transfer…).

  • Stage 5: The embryo replacement (embryo transfer):
  • The embryos will be transferred to the womb. The intra uterus embryo replacement is done 48 to 72 hours after the puncture. It does not need any kind of anaesthetic for this unless there is any condition that would make the procedure painful. The patient will rest at the clinic for a short period (around 45min) before going back to the hotel to rest for a few days before returning home.

    A pregnancy test will be taken 14 days after the embryo replacement.


HOW SUCCESSFUL IS IVF?

In a couple who does not have any fertility problem, the women has only 25% chance of getting pregnant during a natural cycle. The success rate of IVF will be depends on:

- woman’s age

- the cause of infertility

- the number of successful replacement embryos.

A successful rate would be given by our gynecologist based on the medical file.

IVF MEDICAL STAFF

Our IVF medical staff is a multi-disciplinary team which involve an elite of highly qualified and experienced gynecologists, biologists, and geneticists who have graduated from the best national and international universities of France, UK and USA.

OUR PARTENER IVF CLINICS

Cosmetica Travel associates itself with the best IVF clinics in Tunisia with equipment as advanced and reliable as anywhere in Europe. They are all private and accredited by the state.

Your dream body is a few clicks away

Over 5,300 satisfied patients

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